Joel C. Kuipers
Professor of Anthropology and International Affairs, & Acting Chair of Anthropology Department
Bldg. X (2012 G St.) 201Lab: 1922 F St. 210-211
Areas of Expertise
Linguistic anthropology; ethnography of speaking; ethnoscience; ritual; gender; nationalism; politics of culture; medical anthropology. Regional focus: Indonesia.
Dr. Kuipers is a linguistic anthropologist interested in the role of language in the description and interpretation of social life, particularly how authoritative discourse shapes institutionally defined activities in clinics, courtrooms, classrooms and religious settings. He is also the Director of GW's Discourse Laboratory.
Beginning in 1978, Dr. Kuipers began nearly three years of ethnographic and linguistic research into a distinctive style of poetic ritual speech among the Weyewa people of the eastern Indonesian island of Sumba. Through intensive recording, transcription and analysis of ritual performances, he examined how the mastery and use of a parallelistic style of ceremonial discourse established the cultural authority of individuals, lineages and sacred spaces. Beginning in 1990's, he analyzed the role of language ideologies in the rapid decline of ritual speech on Sumba, and the rise of the Indonesian national language as the language political and religious authority. Since 2000, he has carried out extensive video ethnographic analyses of the use of authoritative language in psychiatric clinics, Indonesian courtrooms, and U.S. science classrooms.
- Video ethnographic analysis of reasoning from evidence in culturally diverse middle school science classrooms in suburban Washington, DC.
- Language ideologies of Indonesian Islamic piety.
2007 Kuipers, J., and R. McDermott, eds. Fine Description: The Ethnographic and Linguistic Essays of Harold C. Conklin. Yale Southeast Asia Studies Series, Monograph 56. New Haven: Yale University Press.
1998 Kuipers, J.C. Language, Identity and Marginality in Indonesia: The Changing Nature of Ritual Speech on the Island of Sumba. Studies in the Social and Cultural Foundations of Language Series, No. 18. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
1990 Kuipers, J.C. Power in Performance: The Creation of Textual Authority in Weyewa Ritual Speech. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Selected Articles and Book Chapters
2013 Kuipers, J.C. "Evidence and authority in ethnographic and linguistic perspective." In Annual Review of Anthropology 42:399-413. doi: 10.1146/annurev-anthro-081309-145615
2008 Massoud, L.A., and J. Kuipers. "Objectification and the inscription of knowledge in science classrooms," Linguistics and Education 19(3): 211-224.
2008 Kuipers, J.C. "The local and the national in a diverse county: Objectification as a social and policy process," Linguistics and Education 19(3): 206-210.
2008 Kuipers, J.C. "Named speech registers and the inscription of locality in the Dutch East Indies," Language and Communication 28(3): 360-381.
2007 Kuipers, J.C. "Comments on ritual unintelligibility," Text and Talk 27: 4, 559-566.
2006 Kuipers, J.C., and G. Viechnicki. "'It's all human error!': When a school science experiment fails," Linguistics and Education 17: 107-130.
Anth 0801 (old 801): Sex, Money and Magic in Southeast Asia
Anth 0801 (801): Language Endangerment and Diversity
Anth 1004 (004): Language in Culture and Society
Anth 3601 (161): Language, Culture, and Cognition
Anth 3602 (162): Ethnographic Analysis of Speech
Anth 3691 (169): Topics: Language and Religion
Anth 3704 (174): Cultures of Southeast Asia
Anth 4008: Seminar: Contemporary Anthropological Theory
Anth 6104 (204): Proseminar in Linguistic Anthropology
Anth 6691 (269): Topics: Cultural Perspectives on Language and Learning