Eric H. Cline

Eric H. Cline

Professor of Classics, Anthropology, and History
Phillips Hall 302
Phone: 202-994-0316

Areas of Expertise

International trade and relations in the ancient Mediterranean; Bronze Age archaeology; ancient Greece, Egypt, and Israel; military history in the Mediterranean area through the ages.


Dr. Cline is a classical and biblical archaeologist and ancient historian whose primary fields of study are biblical archaeology, the military history of the Mediterranean world from antiquity to present, the Bronze Age Aegean, and the international connections between Greece, Egypt, and the Near East during the Late Bronze Age (1700-1100 BCE).

He is co-director (USA) of The Megiddo Expedition and co-editor of the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research.

Current Research

A prolific researcher and author with 16 books and about 100 articles and book reviews to his credit, Dr. Cline is an experienced field archaeologist. He has directed or participated in 30 seasons of excavation and survey in Israel, Egypt, Jordan, Cyprus, Greece, and the U.S. Current positions:

  • Co-Director (USA) of the Megiddo Expedition, Israel, with directorial, excavation, and publication responsibilities; Middle Bronze, Late Bronze and Iron Age remains; run by Tel Aviv University and The George Washington University (Israel Finkelstein, David Ussishkin and Eric H. Cline).
  • Co-Director of the Tel Kabri Excavations and the Tel Kabri Regional Archaeological Survey Project, Israel, with full directorial, excavation, and publication responsibilities; run by the George Washington University and the University of Haifa (Assaf Yasur-Landau and Eric H. Cline).

Click here for more on Dr. Cline's research.


Ph.D. 1991, University of Pennsylvania
M.A. 1984, Yale University
B.A. 1982, Dartmouth College



2014  Cline, E.H. 1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

2013  Cline, E.H. The Trojan War: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press.

2013  Finkelstein, I., D. Ussishkin, and E.H. Cline, eds. Megiddo V: The 2004-2008 Seasons.  Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University.

2012  Cline, E.H., and D. O'Connor, eds. Ramesses III: The Life and Times of Egypt's Last Hero.  Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

2011  Cline, E.H., and M. Graham. Ancient Empires: From Mesopotamia to the Rise of Islam. Cambridge University Press.

2011  Cline, E.H., G. Beckman, and T. Bryce, eds. The Ahhiyawa Texts. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature.

2010  Cline, E.H., ed. Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean. New York: Oxford University Press.

2009  Cline, E.H. Biblical Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press.

2009  Cline, E.H. Sailing the Wine-Dark Sea: International Trade and the Late Bronze Age Aegean. B.A.R. International Series 591. Oxford: Archaeopress. (Reissue of 1994 book with updates.)

2007  Cline, E.H. From Eden to Exile: Unraveling Mysteries of the Bible. Washington, DC: National Geographic Books.

2006  Cline, E.H., and D. O'Connor, eds. Thutmose III: A New Biography. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

2005  Cline, E.H., and J. Rubalcaba. The Ancient Egyptian World. New York: Oxford University Press.

2004  Cline, E.H. Jerusalem Besieged: From Ancient Canaan to Modern Israel. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Selected Articles and Book Chapters

2011  Cline, E.H., and S.M. Stannish. "Sailing the great green sea: Amenhotep III’s 'Aegean List' from Kom el-Hetan, once more," Journal of Ancient Egyptian Interconnections 3(2): 6-16.

2011  Cline, E.H., and A. Sutter. "Battlefield archaeology at Armageddon: Cartridge cases and the 1948 battle for Megiddo, Israel,"  Journal of Military History 75(1): 159-190.

2008  Cline, E.H. "Troy as a 'Contested Periphery:' Archaeological Perspectives on Cross-Cultural and Cross Disciplinary Interactions Concerning Bronze Age Anatolia." In Collins, B.J., M.R. Bachvarova and I.C. Rutherford, eds. Anatolian Interfaces: Hittites, Greeks and their Neighbours. Proceedings of an International Conference on Cross-Cultural Interaction, September 17-19, 2004, Emory University, Atlanta, GA. Oxford: Oxbow Books.

2005  Cline, E.H. "The multivalent nature of imported objects in the ancient Mediterranean world." In R. Laffineur and E. Greco, eds., Emporia: Mycenaeans and Minoans in the Central and Eastern Mediterranean: 45-51. Aegaeum 25. Liège: Université de Liège.


Awarded the Oscar and Shoshana Trachtenberg Prize for Faculty Scholarship, 2011

Awarded the Oscar and Shoshana Trachtenberg Prize for Teaching Excellence, 2012

Awarded the Morton Bender Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching, 2004

Awarded the CCAS Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Departmental Advising, 2006

Classes Taught

To see syllabi, click on the course title.

Anth 0801 (old 801): Troy and the Trojan War
Anth 1003 (003): Introduction to Archaeology
Anth 3803 (184): First Farmers to First Cities
Anth 3805 (188): Archaeology of Israel and Neighboring Lands
Anth 3806 (197)/AH 2104: Art and Archaeology of the Aegean Bronze Age
Anth 3834 (116): Mediterranean Field Program

Last updated November 10, 2014